High Frequency uses an alternating current which causes friction by agitating atoms. This friction causes heat which is the destructive force used in advanced electrolysis. Moisture in the tissue heats up. This reaction is localized and does not spread through the neighbouring tissue.
A sterile needle is used for each client to deliver the current.
The area to be treated is firstly cleaned with a sterilizing solution. Then the correct size needle is selected.
Conditions that may be treated
1/ Skin tags
Skin tags are also known as Filiform warts, Fibro-epithelial Polyps and Archrochordons. They are a pedunculated papules consisting of normal epidermis with a loose connective tissue stroma (supporting tissue) and may be pigmented or non-pigmented often occurring in areas of friction. They can be hereditary and may also occur during pregnancy. There is an increased occurrence with age but they can also be caused by the Human Papilloma Virus.
2/ Seborrhoeic Keratosis (senile warts)
Seborrhoeic Keratosis are also known as AKA Seborrhoeic Warts or Basal Cell Papillomas. They are a benign growth of the epidermal cells. They eventually develop into scaly like lesions with a ‘stuck on’ appearance. The papule or plaque and can vary in size from 2mm to 2cm. The colour and shape can vary but they are mainly found on the head, face, neck and trunk of individuals over the age of 40 years old.
3/ Dermatosis Papulosa Nigra – DPN
DPN are histologically identical to Seborrhoeic Keratosis and are smooth, flat, dome shaped lesions that mainly occur on individuals with coloured skin. They can be hereditary.
Warts are benign growths caused by infection of the epidermal cells with Human Papilloma Virus (HPV). The virus causes thickening of the epidermis with spaces and scaling. The Dermal papillae extend upward containing capillaries which can be viewed as black dots.
Milia are tiny cysts that contain keratin and sebum (lipid epithelial plugs or epidermal inclusion cysts). The exact cause is unknown but they are possibly related to diet. Milia most commonly occur over upper cheeks and beneath the eyes but can occur anywhere on the body. They are often no larger than a pinhead. They can appear as an isolated nodule or in clusters.
These are a benign tumor of the eccrine sweat gland and look like milia but are soft. They can occur from adolescence onwards and are usually found in multiples around the eyes.
9/ Sebaceous Hyperplasia
These are enlarged or blocked sebaceous glands which can be yellowish or whitish in colour. Tiny blood vessels may be visible. They occur most commonly on the face but may occur anywhere.
10/ Campbell De Morgan Spot / Cherry Angioma
These are purple/red coloured lesions with a domed, smooth surface and up to 5mm in diameter. They are due to a proliferation in the capillaries and occur mainly on the trunk of individuals. Often they appear over several months having no special significance for general health but often appear after an individual has received general anaesthetic.
11/ Spider Naevus
These have a central capillary from which fine capillaries radiate, resembling the legs of a spider – hence the name spider naevus. The central body or capillary is often raised and in the majority of cases supplies the blood for the radiating capillaries. Spider naevi can occur spontaneously during pregnancy and if left alone will often resolve without treatment after the pregnancy has ended. In some instances they may be associated with chronic liver failure. They may also occur as a result of mechanical injury.
Dermal & Subcutaneous
These are lipid laden collections of dermal histiocytes (type of immune cell that eats foreign substances in an effort to protect the body from infection). They appear as yellowish papules, plaques and nodules. Plaques commonly found around and on the eyelids are called Xanthelasmas. Other Xanthomata’s may appear as firm yellow nodules (often on the knees and elbows), linear yellow deposits in the palms, lumps in the extensor tendons, large flat plaques, (often on the forehead), or crops of small red-brown papules (often on the buttocks). There is usually a family history of the condition. Not to be confused with Milia.
There are certain conditions that may be contraindicated in the treatment with advanced Electrolysis procedures.
These are as follows:
|Active Herpes Simplex||The condition could be aggravated and healing may be impaired.|
|Active Skin Diseases eg. Rosacea||The skin’s ability to heal is impaired. When Rosacea is not active the resultant telangiectasia can be treated quite successfully although it cannot be completely eliminated|
|Anticoagulant medication eg. Warfarin, asprin||Blood clotting function is impaired.|
|Dermabrasion||The skin should be left for at least 6 months post dermabrasion, before treatment, to allow for complete healing.|
|Dermographic Skin||This is skin which becomes raised and inflamed when stroked, scratched, rubbed, and sometimes even slapped. It is not actually contra-indicated but proceed with caution until skin reaction can be assessed.|
|Diabetes||With diabetes the skin’s healing function is impaired so treatment may proceed but with caution.|
|Epilepsy||If the epilepsy is controlled by medication or the last fit was over 2 years ago treatment may be undertaken but with caution. The operator would need to ensure they were fully conversant with the first aid procedure to follow should an attack occur.|
|Flying 2 – 3 days post treatment||The pressurised cabin may interfere with healing|
|Haemophilia||Blood clotting impaired.|
|Hepatitis B, C, D, E and G / HIV||Due to the risks clients with HIV or Hepatitis are contraindicated to treatment.|
|Keloid Scarring||If the client is prone to keloid scarring then treatment is contraindicated as it could cause a keloid at the site of entry of the needle.|
|Oestrogen Medication – e.g. HRT / TS / Contraceptive Pill||If treatment is to be on the face check if the client is prone to pigmentation (chloasma/melasma). If not proceed with caution.|
|Pace maker||Those with a pace maker are contraindicated for treatment if the treatment is using a diathermy machine. This is because the radio waves may interfere with the function of the battery in the pace maker.|
|Pigmentation present eg. sun tan, ethnic colour, chloasma, birthmark||Treatment could result in hyperpigmentation (which may take as long as 6 – 12 months to resolve as long as over treatment had not occurred).|
|Sunburn||Sunburn would cause the healing of the skin to be impaired.|
Immediately after treatment the area will be red and possibly a little raised. This is due to tissue fluid collecting in the area which aids healing. It will subside within anything from 20 minutes to 24 hours.
You must follow the individual post treatment advice given to you by the practitioner to aid healing without complications or the risk of scarring.
1/Do not touch the areas except when applying after care preparations.
2/An appropriate after care preparation should be applied very gently night and morning to the treated area. Do this until the skin has returned to normal. The after care preparation should be applied before moisturiser or makeup and allowed to form a protective film over the area first.
3/Once the aftercare product has dried in you may apply makeup with clean cotton wool, sterilized sponge or freshly washed hands. Only makeup from a tube should be used. On no account should you use a makeup compact and sponge. Both the makeup and the sponge will almost certainly be contaminated.
4/ It is extremely important not to pick or rub off any crusts that may form. If you do then it will reopen the site making it susceptible to infection and it may lead to scarring.
5/ If the sides of the nostrils have been treated avoid blowing your nose for several days.
6/ If you have had the bridge of your nose treated and you wear glasses either try and avoid wearing the glasses for a few days or place some cotton wool between the glasses and your nose.
For 48 hours after treatment
7/ Avoid vigorous exercise which could slow down the healing process by over stimulating the area.
8/ Do not sunbathe, use a sun bed or lamp. This would increase pigmentation in the area treated.
9/ Do not go swimming as the chemicals in the water may irritate the skin.
10/ Avoid any heat treatments e.g. saunas, steam baths, infra-red treatments as again these may over stimulate the area and slow down the healing process.
11/ Avoid flying as the cabin pressure may affect healing.